I grew up about 20 miles south of Bowdoin in the town of Falmouth, an affluent coastal suburb just north of Portland. Falmouth is one of the wealthiest municipalities in the state, and the town is certainly not afraid to boast it (our mascot was literally the Yachtsmen). The town outwardly prides itself on its quality public schools, adequately competitive varsity sports, well-kept parks and trails and its pristine coastal identity. A lot of this can be attributed to the wealth of the residents—folks buy expensive properties, and the ensuing property taxes fund the abundant town budget. This process is cyclical; quality schools and town resources attract prospective wealthy homeowners, who increase the town budget with their tax contributions, which goes towards continuously improving the schools and town resources and so on and so forth. Schools improve, property values increase and everyone is happy. That is, everyone who reaps the benefits of this system is happy—this system leaves behind lower-class, often BIPOC residents of the surrounding areas, whose low property values mean less funding for schools and town resources. These folks, too, experience a cycle, although it is one that is much more viscous.
These systems have created obvious class segregation in southern Maine, and this is a problem throughout much of New England. Many of the “Just Outside of Boston” folks at Bowdoin come from towns much like Falmouth—affluent and structurally classist. High-income children in these towns often enjoy the privileges of wealthy parents, highly funded schools, well-maintained town resources and much more. They go off to schools like Bowdoin, enjoy high-paying careers, eventually settle into suburbs like those in which they were raised and perpetuate systemic class inequality, which is inextricably linked to racial inequality and xenophobia, as many of those excluded from these towns are BIPOC and/or immigrants and refugees.
The irony of the cycle is the illusion of New England liberalism associated with these suburbs. Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Vermont and southern Maine are consistent shoe-ins for Democratic electoral candidates. Everywhere I go in Falmouth, I see Black Lives Matter signs, rainbow flags on houses and “Coexist” stickers on cars. Affluent New England suburbs are perfectly comfortable with social liberalism that doesn’t directly affect their comfortable livelihoods, but when left-leaning policies begin to threaten property values and school funding, it becomes a much different story.
For example, my Falmouth, the same Falmouth that voted 61-31 in favor of Hillary Clinton in 2016, blocked a proposed low-income housing project with a development moratorium in 2017. The prospect of 32 affordable units in a small development lot was a great enough threat to the property values of the wealthy residents that they overwhelmingly voted against it. These folks would rather keep the minute fraction of their property values that may have been lost due to the development than greatly improve the lives of 32 low-income, BIPOC and/or immigrant families. And this isn’t just a Falmouth problem—this perpetuation of class segregation occurs throughout New England. Just the other day, a friend of mine shared a photo of a poster campaigning against an affordable housing project in a wealthy Massachusetts suburb much like Falmouth—one that claims to support Black Lives Matter but refuses to directly help Black lives when given the opportunity.
Wealthy New England suburbs need to put their money where their mouths are. These towns love to claim moral superiority over vehement Trump voters by embracing Democratic pandering and touting social liberalism when it doesn’t affect their own wealth. If towns like Falmouth want to occupy the moral high ground so badly, they need to do so through action rather than words. It’s time they open up their gated neighborhoods and share the abundance of resources with those who have been denied equity in education and town services for years and years. So, to the town of Falmouth and others of the like: if you really do support the causes you claim to embrace, then it’s time to show it through action and policy. Quit talking the talk to make yourselves feel better, and start walking the walk to actually help the folks around you in need—even if that means your house ends up being worth a little less.